Let’s begin, what are Terpenes Many Beneficial Compounds? First, if you have a sense of smell you know what terpenes are. These are the compounds of organic oils in nature. So the meals you eat and the plants you smell and even the fragrance of shampoo releases terpenes. Terpenes are what your brain interprets smell and taste in plants. They are more than 20,000 terpene oils found in all plants. The cannabis plant has over 100 different terpenes which have evolved over millions of years by using the attraction of pollinators as a defence mechanism against predatory insects and animals.
Only the female cannabis plant produces trichomes which are glandular in nature. These glands are like fine hairs which protrude from the flowering female bud and leaves. Trichomes contain the most crucial of compounds of cannabis cannabinoids which are THC and CBD. So this is why it’s very important when harvesting your cannabis to handle the buds with care. The precious trichomes can rub off in your hands. This can lead to less than optimum flavours, colours and aroma. Cannabis producers are aware and take caution when harvesting. The production of terpenes is due to factors such as humidity, temperature and intensity of light. Many flowers like the Evening Primrose, for example, release their terpene scents at night because of terpene reaction to light.
Terpenes and Terpenoids
Terpenoids bare relation to terpenes. Unique terpenes find themselves in all living plants and terpenoids are created when harvested into cured cannabis. Terpenoids change the molecular structure during the curing process of the cannabis which affects taste and potency. Recent research has shown that the role of terpenoids is also important in the production of medicinal cannabinoids. When choosing a cannabis there are options for individual needs. Sativa for an energetic high or Indica for relaxation.
CBD is the non-psychoactive component of cannabis used for medicinal treatments. Terpenes play an important part of THC, CBD and of course fragrance and flavour. So when choosing a strain, pick one that has the characteristics that suite your taste. Just like a wine lover would do, Chardonnay or Merlot. Everybody’s tastes are different when it comes to food, drink or cannabis. Studies have shown that terpenes help to synthesis cannabinoids (THC, CBD) to pass through the bloodstream to the brain.
THC and CBD
Different strains produce varying results balancing THC or CBD strengths. This matters. Therefore the cannabinoid and terpene levels differ. Symbiotic stages change the desired effect of the psychoactive THC or CBD. Endotransmitters and cannabinoid receptors facilitate emotional and physical well being, on a molecular level. Many cannabis companies are researching genetically modify various strains. This accentuates the THC high or levelling out an anti-anxiety and relaxed feeling. Strains that are rich in CBD for anti-depression qualities are enhanced with modification. Tweaking the terpenes for medical purposes have outstanding results for natural cannabinoid medicine. The FDA and many other health agencies have deemed CBD cannabinoid terpenes a safe substance. Terpene attributes vary in all cannabis strains, giving them unique qualities.
Next, let’s look at myrcene, one of the most common terpenes. Also found in mangoes, lemongrass, basil and hops. Known especially for its sedative, muscle relaxing and anti-inflammatory traits. Most Indica strains have high levels of Myrcene.
Pinene is the most common terpene on the planet. This powerful scents found in pine needles, basil, parsley and all citrus peels. In fact, Pinene shows promise in counteracting the short-term loss of memory attributed to THC.
Humulene is best known for its anti-inflammatory qualities. A terpene found in coriander, basil, cloves and hops. Helpful humulene has the capacity to suppress appetite while others increase appetite.
Tart limonene like its name evokes is citrus in nature and is in all citrus fruits. Found in perfumes and cleaning supplies. Antifungal and antibacterial abound in limonene. It also has the capacity for absorption of other terpenes in topical lotions and tinctures. Limonene has a very calming and relaxing effect.
Linalool has anti-anxiety and anti-depression qualities. This terpene also helps to enhance the immune system, while also relieving symptoms of anxiety. Linalool infuses spices and a variety of flowers. Also, Caryophyllene is shown to help with depression, anxiety and anti-depression.
Caryophyllene is peppery and spicey and can be found in basil, cinnamon and cloves. Research shows caryophyllene also contributes to the treatment of depression and anxiety. And it acts as an excellent anti-inflammatory.
Lastly, Terpinolene has shown to have antibacterial and antioxidant properties. As well as incorporating a sedative effect that calms the nerves for relaxation and sleep. Also, terpinolene pleases the senses with the fragrance of rosemary and sage.
Terpenes Many Beneficial Compounds
In conclusion, terpenes play an integral role in cannabis and the desired effect for medicinal or recreational use. Doing research on different strains and their terpenes can be important before choosing.